Y Llwybr tuag at Heddwch Parhaol: John Rawls a’r Athrawiaeth Rhyfel Cyfiawn


Y Llwybr tuag at Heddwch Parhaol: John Rawls a’r Athrawiaeth Rhyfel Cyfiawn
(The Path to Universal Peace: John Rawls and the Just War Doctrine)

Huw L. Williams

John Rawls’s just war doctrine is primarily interpreted as an elaboration of Walzer’s theory. However, when considered in light of Rawls’s Kantian commitments and the utopian nature of his reflections on international relations in The Law of Peoples, his perspective on just war is distinctive and challenging. This Kantian influence leads to a nuanced doctrine with a commitment to peace as the regulative principle of war, characterised as principles of transitional justice that are never fully just. A sceptical perspective emerges that rejects extending the just war doctrine to humanitarian warfare. The Rawlsian statesman would be a dove, rather than a hawk, committed to the belief that war is an evil to be avoided and overcome, and that universal peace should be aspired to. 


Reference:

 
  	Huw L Williams, 'Y Llwybr tuag at Heddwch Parhaol: John Rawls a’r Athrawiaeth Rhyfel Cyfiawn', Gwerddon, 31, October 2020, 7-30.
   

Keywords

 
    John Rawls, Just War, The Law of Peoples, Humanitarian Intervention, Kant.
    

Bibliography:

 
  	
  1. Bellamy, Alex (2009), Just Wars: From Cicero to Iraq (Cambridge: Polity).
  2. Bernstein, Alyssa (2006), ‘A Human Right to Democracy? Legitimacy and Intervention’, yn Martin, Rex, a Reidy, David (goln), Rawls’s Law of Peoples: A Realistic Utopia? (Oxford: Blackwell Publishing), 278–98.
  3. Bernstein, Alyssa (2009), ‘Kant, Rawls, and Cosmopolitanism: Toward Perpetual Peace and The Law of Peoples’, yn Jahrbuch für Recht und Ethik / Annual Review of Law and Ethics, 17 (Berlin: Duncker & Humblot), tt. 3–52.
  4. Johnson, James Turner (2013), ‘Contemporary Just War Thinking: Which is Worse, Friends or Critics?’, Ethics and International Affairs, 27 (1), 25–45.
  5. Kant, Immanuel (2006), Toward Perpetual Peace and Other Writings on Politics, Peace, and History, Kleingeld, Pauline (gol.), cyfieithwyd gan Colclasure, David L. (New Haven and London: Yale University Press).
  6. Kukathas, Chandran, a Pettit, Philip (1990), Rawls: A Theory of Justice and its Critics
  7. (Cambridge: Polity Press).
  8. Martin, Rex (2005), ‘Walzer and Rawls on just wars and humanitarian interventions’,
  9. Journal of Social Philosophy, 36 (4), 439–56.
  10. Moellendorf, Darren (2013), ‘Just War’, yn A Companion to Rawls (Blackwell Companions to Philosophy), Reidy, David, a Mandle, Jon (goln), 378–94.
  11. O’Driscoll, Cian (2008), Renegotiation of the Just War Tradition and the Right to War in the Twenty–first Century (New York: Palgrave MacMillan).
  12. Pogge, Thomas (2007), John Rawls: His Life and Theory of Justice (Cambridge: Polity Press).
  13. Rawls, John (1999a), The Law of Peoples (Cambridge, MA, London: Harvard University Press).
  14. Rawls, John (1999b), A Theory of Justice [1971], argraffiad diwygiedig (Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press).
  15. Reidy, David (2010), ‘Human Rights and Liberal Toleration’, CanadianJournalof Law and Jurisprudence, 23 (2), 287–317.
  16. Ripstein, Arthur (2016), ‘Just War, Regular War and Perpetual Peace’, Kant Studien, 107, 179–95.
  17. Roberts, Peri (2012), ‘The supreme emergency exemption: Rawls and the use of force’,
  18. European Journal of Political Theory, 11 (2), 155–71.
  19. Rossi, Philip J. (2016), ‘War as Unintelligible: Sovereign Agency and the Limits of Kantian Autonomy’, The Monist, 99, 1–12.
  20. Shue, Henry (2002), ‘Rawls and the Outlaws’, Politics, Philosophy & Economics, 1 (3), 307–23.
  21. Sloane, Robert D. (2009), ‘The Cost of Conflation: Preserving the Dualism of Jus ad Bellum and Jus in Bello in the Contemporary Law of War’, Yale Journal of International Law, 34, 47–112.
  22. Took, Joan D. (1965), TheJustWarinAquinasandGrotius(London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge).
  23. Williams, Howard (2012), Kant and the End of War (Palgrave Macmillan: Basingstoke).