‘Beth os mai hon yw Armagedon?’: Crefydd a’r Wasg Gymreig yn y Rhyfel Byd Cyntaf


‘Beth os mai hon yw Armagedon?’: Crefydd a’r Wasg Gymreig yn y Rhyfel Byd Cyntaf
(‘What if this is Armageddon?’: Religion and the Welsh Press in the First World War)

Meilyr Powel

This paper analyses the Welsh periodical press during the First World War, with an emphasis on the way an important aspect of the Welsh war culture was constructed. As an integral part of civil society, the press represented a powerful platform from where audiences could be influenced, as contributors of prominent social standing presented, interpreted, and framed the war in particular ways and in accordance with personal beliefs and cultural traditions. This paper argues that a powerful religious discourse was constructed by commentators in the Welsh press with regards to the meaning and purpose of the war, with thoughtful consideration given to prophecy, salvation, and the coming of a new age where Christianity would play a central role.


Reference:

 
  	Meilyr Powel, ‘“Beth os mai hon yw Armagedon?”: Crefydd a’r Wasg Gymreig yn y Rhyfel Byd Cyntaf’, Gwerddon, 27, Hydref 2018, 67–94.
   

Keywords

 
    First World War, Wales, the press, culture, religion.
    

Bibliography:

 
  	

Primary sources:

Newspapers and Periodicals

  1. Baner ac Amserau Cymru
  2. Y Beirniad
  3. Cambria Daily Leader
  4. Cymru
  5. Daily Mail
  6. Y Deyrnas
  7. Y Geninen
  8. Seren Gomer
  9. Y Traethodydd
  10. Y Tyst
  11. Welsh Outlook

Secondary sources:

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Book Episodes

  1. Becker, Annette, ‘Faith, Ideologies, and the “cultures of war”’, yn Horne, John (2012) (gol.), A Companion to World War I (Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell), tt. 234–48.
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Articles

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  3. Houlihan, Patrick J. (2015), ‘Religious Mobilization and Popular Belief’, yn Daniel, Ute et al., 1914–1918-online. International Encyclopedia of the First World War, <https://encyclopedia.1914-1918-online.net/article/religious _ mobilization _ and _ popular_belief> [Cyrchwyd: 15 Mawrth 2016].
  4. Lloyd, Tecwyn (1972), ‘Welsh Public Opinion and the First World War’, Planet, 10, 25–37.
  5. Morgan, Dafydd Densil (1997), ‘“Christ and the War”: Some Aspects of the Welsh Experience, 1914–18’, Journal of Welsh Religious History, 5, 73–91.
  6. Paiano, Maria (2015), ‘Religious Mobilization and Popular Belief (Italy)’, yn Daniel, Ute et al., 1914–1918-online. International Encyclopedia of the First World War, <https://encyclopedia.1914-1918-online.net/article/religious _ mobilization _ and _ popular_belief_italy> [Cyrchwyd: 12 Mawrth 2016].
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  8. Williams, Chris (2003), ‘“Our War History in Cartoons is Unique”: J. M. Staniforth, British Public Opinion, and the South African War, 1899–1902’, War in History, 20 (4), 491–525.