Y Llwybr tuag at Heddwch Parhaol: John Rawls a’r Athrawiaeth Rhyfel Cyfiawn


Y Llwybr tuag at Heddwch Parhaol: John Rawls a’r Athrawiaeth Rhyfel Cyfiawn

Huw L. Williams

Mae athrawiaeth John Rawls ynghylch rhyfel cyfiawn yn cael ei dehongli’n bennaf fel estyniad ar ddamcaniaeth Walzer. Fodd bynnag, o’i ystyried yng ngoleuni ymrwymiad Rawls i feirniadaeth Kant, a natur iwtopaidd ei fyfyrdodau ar gysylltiadau rhyngwladol yn The Law of Peoples, ymddengys ei safbwynt ar ryfel yn un nodedig a beiddgar. Mae dylanwad Kant yn amlwg ar ei athrawiaeth soffistigedig, sydd wedi ei nodweddu gan heddwch fel egwyddor lywodraethol rhyfel, ac egwyddorion rhyfel cyfiawn sydd yn gyfystyr â chyfiawnder dros dro, nad ydynt byth yn gwbl gyfiawn. Daw persbectif sgeptigol i’r amlwg felly sy’n gwrthod estyn ei athrawiaeth ar ryfel cyfiawn i ryfela dyngarol. Colomen yn hytrach na hebog fyddai’r gwladweinydd Rawlsaidd, wedi’i ymrwymo i’r gred fod rhyfel yn ddrygioni i’w osgoi a’i orchfygu, a bod modd gweithio tuag at heddwch parhaol.


Cyfeiriad:

 
  	Huw L. Williams, Y Llwybr tuag at Heddwch Parhaol: John Rawls a’r Athrawiaeth Rhyfel Cyfiawn, Gwerddon, 31, Hydref 2020, 7-30
   

Allweddeiriau

 
    John Rawls, Rhyfel Cyfiawn, Cyfraith y Pobloedd, Ymyrraeth Ddyngarol, Kant.
    

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